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Italy

Direction and Coordination: Regione Friuli Venezia Giulia Technical partner: Istituto di Genetica Applicata (IGA) di Udine  It is a non-profit research centre with the purpose of carrying out and promoting scientific research in the field of genomics and its applications. It promotes solutions for…

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"FOOD EAST" - RESEARCH AND INNOVATION FORUM and Carta di Milano: the Excellences of Friuli Venezia Giulia and Central-Eastern Europe for Sustainability in the Agri-Food sector

Following the Milan event, the FVG region, also organized in June 2015 the event dedicated to "Food East" - Research and Innovation Forum 2015 to make a contribution to some crucial issues of the global food challenge that will accompany us for the next few years by providing concrete commitments to…

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Kiwi Dorì: the Research and the Features

The new variety of kiwis, named Kiwi Dorì ™ AC 1536, is the result of years of research of the University of Udine and the University of Bologna and has been protected with the registration patent at European level. The authors of the study and experimentation that led to this new fruit crossbred…

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Automated irrigation management in the vineyard: the Italian-Israeli "Irrigate" project

Developing an automated irrigation management program through climate, plant and soil controlling sensors to manage the impact of drought on vine productivity and grape quality is the goal of the Italian-Israeli bi-annual research project "Irrigate", launched in 2014 and co-ordinated by the Universi…

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Leaf removal: a prevention against fungal diseases

In Friuli Venezia Giulia, the grey mold from Botrytis cinerea is among the most dangerous diseases for the vine, especially in compact bunch varieties. In fact, the high average rainfall, in the weeks prior to the harvest, determines the explosion of infections and specific fungicides can not be use…

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Science can be Good to Eat: a Documentary by the FVG Region and the Science Park Area

Food safety and nutrition are at the top of European citizens' priorities and the agri-food sector is the first economic sector in the continent. It is widely believed that our survival bases, land and water, are best preserved so that they can drink and feed everywhere the planet Earth population. …

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Experimentation: the true power for innovation

The secret of VCR’s primacy lies in the never-ending search for new varieties, clones and crossings that can give better and better results for the growers. Vivai Cooperativi Rauscedo has gone through all the major strands of the research in the grapevine nursery domain, such as: from micropropaga…

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University of Udine in the European project for the prevention of aquaculture diseases

Prevenire, controllare e limitare l’azione dei principali parassiti che colpiscono i più importanti pesci allevati in Europa (salmone, trota, carpa, branzino, orata, rombo), provocando gravi epidemie e perdite economiche al settore dell'acquacoltura. È l’obiettivo del progetto europeo ParaFish…

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Montenegro

Local Partner: Biotehnički fakultet u Podgorici (The Faculty of Biotecnology of Podgorica, Montenegro) The Faculty of Biotechnology of Podgorica is the oldest research institute in Montenegro. Its experimental unit, the Center for Subtropical Cultures, was founded in Bar in 1937. Immediately after …

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First vine varieties resistant to diseases produced in Italy

They are ten: five white berries - Fleurta, Soreli, Sauvignon Kretos, Sauvignon Nepis, Sauvignon Rytos - and five red berries - Cabernet Eidos, Cabernet Volos, Merlot Khorus, Merlot Kanthus, Julius, the first disease-resistant grapevines variety, produced in Italy by researchers from the U…

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Shellfish farms in Boka Kotorska Bay

Boka Kotorska Bay is quite isolated and closed basin with specific climatological, hydrological and hydrographic characteristics. By geographical and hydrographic characteristics the bay can be divided into three sections: Kotor-Risan bay, Tivat Bay and Herceg Novi Bay.  Each part is characterised …

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The spread of the CTV virus

The Citrus Tristeza Virus originates in Southeast Asia but it has rapidly spread all over the world, causing acute epidemics in Florida, Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela. In total, Tristeza virus has caused around 70 million citrus plants to be cut in the world, of which 40 million are only in Cypru…

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The CREA study for the fight against the CTV virus

After the cases of kiwi and olive, current events are demonstrating the importance of plants resistant to viruses and other pathologies for our agriculture. Sicilian citrus culture has also been fighting, in the last years, the Citrus Tristeza virus (CTV), widespread with outbreaks, affecting ov…

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THE PHASES

The FARM WITH SCIENCE project (FWS) involves the collaboration of Italian partners (Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Institute for Applied Genomics, Trieste Area Science Park) and local partners (Podgorica Faculty of Biotechnology and BIO-ICT- Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics , Faculty of E…

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THE PROJECT

The Project Farm with Science (FWS)- COLTIVA CON LA SCIENZA  is a project of scientific dissemination that uses digital tools to spread suggestions and answers on the improvement of products and agri-food activities.  The aim of the project is to stimulate scientific disclosure between agro-food o…

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The sources of resistance

With regard to the two fungal diseases considered (downy mildew and powdery mildew), the sources of resistance reported in the literature are numerous. The Udine group has so far worked with two monogenic downy mildew resistances (Rpv3, Rpv12), originating respectively from American and Asian specie…

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Genetic identification for Grapevine Diversity Exploration Project

The first application of the SSR markers to the Serbian grapevine germplasm, in order to provide reference descriptors for the identification and evaluation of genetic relationships of local cultivars, was carried out in the framework of project, financed by the Ministry of Education and  Science o…

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Natural biotoxins (phycotoxins) are planktonic algae

Natural biotoxins (phycotoxins) are planktonic algae products that are produced to defence against predators. Bivalve shellfish can accumulate large quantities of biotoxins by water filtration. In humans, these toxins can cause six syndromes: ASP, AZP, DSP, NSP, PSP and VSP (see next paragraph)…

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Gravner: a cross-border winegrower and his particular way of making wine

Gravner is considered one of the fathers of strict viticulture both in Italy and abroad. Strict winemaking in the cellar means not to filter, not to clarify or to bend to practices that are not the minimum of the roasting during the fermentation, with using only a bit of sulphur - but very little - …

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Vranac: presentation

Vranac is an ancient variety of grape indigenous to the Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. Vranac is considered the most important variety of grape in Montenegro. The grape produces a dry red wine of a unique taste and character. The cultivar has medium-large, cylindrical and spotted clusters with …

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The technology transfer made in Italy

In September 2012, the University of Udine and Bologna launched the call for partners interested in multiplying and trading on a worldwide scale of the new yellow pulp kiwi variety maturing early, as well as the research conducted by the two universities. Five months later, the agreement with the re…

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Vineyard threats: grey molds and rot

The vine growing is conditioned by several factors, among which the availability of water and mineral elements, plays a leading role. In situations characterized by water and/or nutritional deficiency, the development of the basal leaves is particularly limited and normally the management of the gre…

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GMO and food safety: valuation

The assessment and management of these potential risks have been at the centre, not only of all reference standards since 1990 but also of GMO research over the past three decades. Between 1985 and 2010, Europe invested around € 250 million in assessing the safety of GMOs. The data were collected …

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THE OBJECTIVES

Primary objective: Support for technology transfer in the agro-food sector, local development.  The project was made with the intention to find a way to adapt the scientific dissemination regarding the sustainability of the agri-food industry to the needs and necessities of journalists and agri-foo…

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The market and future prospects

Ten selections - 5 white berries and 5 red berries - were registered officially in 2015. Too many, someone will say. We say no, considering three aspects: the diversity of genetic backgrounds due to the use of different parents, the opportunity to leave the market the right to select the best varie…

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Serbian varieties: Tamjanika, Slankamenka (Plovdina), Kreaca, Ruzica, Sremska Zelenika, Muscat Krokan, Smederevka, Prokupac, Začinak, Ćilibarka

Different samples collected from the same putative grapevine variety in the collections or in old vineyards showed identical molecular genotypes except for Tamjanika Bela accessions, which showed two diverse DNA profiles. One identical genotype was found between varieties of Tamjanika (Bela and Crve…

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Vranac's genetic identification

As the result of cooperation between Plantaže and the Italian partner Centro di ricerca per la viticoltura, Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (Center for the Wine Resarch in Italy), the genetic identification of the Montenegrin autochthonous grape varieties…

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Biotoxins monitoring in Montenegro

In the coastal waters of Montenegro, biotoxins monitoring started in 2014 thanks to the support by the Ministry of Science of Montenegro and HERIC project through the BIO-ICT Centre of Excellence work.  Monitoring included shellfish farms in Boka Kotorska Bay by Centre for Eco-toxicological Tests (…

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Chemical composition and sensorial properties of Vranac wine in the Skadar lake area

Owing to its geographical position and favourable climate, grape growing and winemaking have always been developed in Montenegro and have traditionally been based on Vranac and Kratošija, two autochthone wines.  Kratošija variety had dominated until the emergence of phylloxera; however, its role …

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The influence of climatic factors on the level and quality of Yield of Vranac variety

The grape vine is a perennial plant, which during its growth and development has special requirements according to agri-ecological conditions in the cultivation area. The favourable conditions of the soil and climate are the most important factors for successful growth and development, which lead to…

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The biotech tomato that winks on tradition

Pomodori rossi, gustosi, nutrienti e soprattutto a lunga conservazione grazie a una buccia più resistente nel tempo: questo è l’asso nella manica calato dalla ricerca biotech che semplifica la filiera ed esalta il sapore. Ai ricercatori dell’Università di Nottingham autori della scoperta è …

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The importance of publications: from catalogs to VCR technical booklets

VCR catalogues, edited in different languages, represent real user manuals for the winegrowers. They highlight the varieties, clones and rootstocks that VCR use for the production of grafted vine plants. In the description of the different varieties, VCR paid the utmost attention in highlighting the…

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Ernesto Illy Foundation and the Research

La Fondazione Ernesto Illy persegue principalmente fini di utilità e solidarietà sociale nell’ambito della ricerca scientifica svolta direttamente ovvero in collaborazione con università, enti di ricerca ed altre fondazioni. Si pone come supporto alla comunità scientifica nazionale ed interna…

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Effect of water stress on plant and grape content

At the same time as the experimental tests carried out with Ersa, the group of researchers at the University of Udine has started to deal with various water deficit projects, coordinated by prof. Enrico Peterlunger, focusing on the effect that the water deficit has not only on the physiology of the …

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Irrigation in the vineyard

Irrigation and its management, however, remain an instrument in the hands of the farmer to optimise the productive performance of the vineyard. In particular, the application of a moderate and controlled water deficit makes it possible to produce the highest quality grapes, while maintaining a satis…

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Water stress and water emergence by 2040

Water stress is a temporary or prolonged condition of lack of water, usually lacking at ground level. As all plant stresses, it can result in primary damage or secondary damage to a plant. According to the World Resources Institute's report (WRI), which measured the demand and availability of water…

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Leaf removal and technological maturation of grapes

At the same time, leaf removal can lead to better technological maturation of grapes - higher sugar accumulation and lower titratable acidity - and promotes better phenolic complexity, mainly due to increased concentration of flavonoids and anthocyanins. The same international researchers have verif…

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The new challenges of the coffee industry thanks to the research

L’Italia occupa la quinta posizione a livello mondiale, dopo Usa, Germania, Giappone e Francia, tra i paesi importatori di caffè verde. Nel 2015, secondo i dati ufficiali ISTAT, il volume delle importazioni di caffè verde è pari a 8,8 milioni sacchi (da 60 kg), sostanzialmente stabile (0,2%)…

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4Grapes: A free app, able to monitor the main adversity of the vine

After activating a network of shared information among industry professionals, dedicated public bodies and some producers involved in the project, in 2015, a smartphone app was completed and is available for everyone, enabling every manufacturer to monitor the main adversity of the vine. "Monitoring…

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Eradication of the Louisiana Red Swamp and protection of Friuli Venezia Giulia River Shrimp

Il Gambero rosso della Louisiana è una specie che non fa parte del nostro ecosistema. Vi è stata introdotta artificialmente, è invasiva e mette a repentaglio le altre specie presenti nell'ambiente naturale delle acque dolci del Friuli Venezia Giulia, in particolare il gambero nostrano.Per questo,…

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Serbia

Local partner: Poljuprivredni Fakultet Novi Sad (The University of Agriculture of NoviSad, Serbia) It was founded in 1954 with the mission of educating young people and scholars in the field of agriculture, developing research activities and helping to intensify and increase agricultural production …

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Observer and the point of reference for the Scientific Committee

CREA, il Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria, (CREA, the Agriculture Research Council and the Agricultural Economics Analysis), represented by Stefano Bisoffi, participates in the second phase of the project with the collecting of scientific contents according…

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Crossing plans and selection activity

The plan initially included the crossing of some internationally renowned varieties such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon,  national ones such as Sangiovese and local varieties such as the Friulian Tocai (today 'Friulano'), on one hand, and a series of varieties and advanced sel…

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The genetic improvement of the grapevine

The genetic improvement of the vine has two sides: the one concerns table grapes, the other one concerns wine grapes. In the first case, traditional genetic improvement, based on crossbreed and selection, has been intense and has led to the spectacular enrichment of the varietal landscape. In the se…

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The history of viticulture in Serbia

Serbia is located in the central Balkans, at the crossroads between Asia and Europe, on the line dividing various nations and civilisations of the East and the West. Due to its favourable climate and geological characteristics, the area of the Balkans is an ancient wine-growing region and both Serbi…

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Viticulture production and the varieties of Montenegro

The viticulture in Montenegro is mostly based on the breeding of autochthonous grapevine varieties such as Vranac, Kratošija, Krstač and Žižak. Vranac is the main autochthonous grapevine variety in Montenegro. The most famous vineyard area in Montenegro is Crmnica, which is considered the homela…

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Clonal selection of Vranac in Montenegro

Bearing in mind the importance of Vranac variety for the Montenegrin viticulture, work on the clonal selection of this variety has started in the 2004 year thanks to the collaboration between University of Montenegro Faculty of Biotechnology and the “13. jul Plantaže”, the biggest private w…

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Effect of fermentation temperature on polyphenolic composition and sensory properties of red Vranac wines1

Vranac grapes are exceptionally rich in colouring matter contained mostly in the skin, flesh and juice of the berry. Until 2005, no detailed research has been conducted to examine the technological factors that affect the polyphenolic potential of this variety.  A study on the effect of three diffe…

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Cultivate energy also in Italy

Il 2017 si apre con la ricostruzione della mappa dei geni del sorgo da parte del China National Sorghum Improvement Center. Questo nuovo traguardo pone le basi per una nuova stagione di innovazione anche in Italia, dove le nuove conoscenze scientifiche possono essere applicate per migliorare le mod…

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DNA analysis to identify the differences between the various fish species

Più spesso di quanto immaginiamo, il pesce che compriamo non è quello indicato dall’etichetta. Soprattutto se si tratta di pesce lavorato o semi-lavorato, ad esempio venduto in filetti, quando anche l'occhio più esperto può essere ingannato. Il guadagno per chi ce lo vende, di fronte a un risc…

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The role of the District and the FVG Agri-food Cluster

In order to achieve its institutional goals, the Cluster interacts with other cluster managing entities, trade associations, training institutes, industrial groupings, investors, national and international public entities. As a Regional Cluster, the Park is committed to the development of the potent…

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The skills of the Agri-Food Park in Friuli

 Entro la fine di Gennaio 2017, la Regione insieme al distretto elaborerà un piano di sviluppo 2017-2020 che diverrà il Master Plan per lo sviluppo del Cluster Regionale nel prossimo futuro. In collaborazione con i propri soci statutari, organizza per questo motivo una consultazione aperta ai co…

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Coffee and Genomics: a sequencing project of the Coffea Arabica genome

Illycaffè, insieme alla Luigi Lavazza S.p.A hanno finanziato già nel 2014 un progetto coordinato dal Prof. Giorgio Graziosi del DNA Analytica Srl, una spin off dell’Università di Trieste, in collaborazione con l’Università di Padova, l’Università di Udine e l’Istituto di Genomica…

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Genetic improvement

Il sequenziamento completo del genoma è stato raggiunto nel 2007 e il team udinese è arrivato alla ribalta della scena scientifica mondiale. Una volta svelati i segreti della costituzione genetica della vite, ci si è potuto concentrare sull'analisi funzionale sistematica dei geni che consente di …

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Project Implications and Search Results

Le ricadute più importanti del progetto sono sicuramente quelle relative alla ricerca fondamentale sull’organizzazione e sull’evoluzione dei genomi vegetali e quelle relative alla conoscenza di geni relativi a pathway biologici importanti, per i quali la vite rappresenta una pianta modello. Pe…

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Viticulture innovations: new vine varieties resistant to diseases and "M" rootstoks presented at the Puglia Fair

Sabato 18 giugno ore 9.30 nell’ambito della fiera Enovitis in Campo a Corato, Unione italiana Vini in collaborazione con Vivai Cooperativi Rauscedo, organizzano l'incontro tecnico "Le innovazioni in viticoltura: le nuove varietà resistenti alle malattie ed i portinnesti M". L’incontro è pre…

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The CREA winner of a sustainable aquaculture research project

Il Centro di ricerca CREA per la produzione delle carni e il miglioramento genetico di Roma è risultato vincitore, insieme ad altre unità operative italiane, di un progetto di ricerca sull'acquacoltura sostenibile, finanziato dalla Fondazione AGER. Il progetto è stato scelto per la qualità sci…

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L’Obiettivo dell’Unione Europea: lo sviluppo di acquacoltura e molluschicoltura

In Europa, l'acquacoltura rappresenta quasi il 20% della produzione di pesce e dà lavoro a circa 85 000 persone. Il comparto è composto principalmente da PMI e microimprese presenti nelle zone rurali e costiere. È un'attività rinomata per gli elevati standard in termini di qualità, sostenibili…

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The citrus genome: Italian researchers help to uncover the citrus secrets

Un consorzio internazionale (“International Citrus Genome Consortium”), comprendente ricercatori di Italia, USA, Francia, Brasile, ha pubblicato sulla rivista Nature Biotechnology dell’8 giugno 2014 la sequenza completa del genoma di clementine (Citrus x clementine) e quella di altri sette agr…

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The fight against tristeza

La lotta si effettua mediante l'estirpazione e la distruzione delle piante infette e l'uso per i nuovi impianti di materiale di propagazione sano e certificato. Secondo Coldiretti, l’organizzazione di categoria italiana, il virus sarebbe responsabile della riduzione del 17% degli agrumeti in Itali…

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The symptoms of the virus

Responsabile della malattia è un virus appartenente alla famiglia Closteroviridae genere Closterovirus, con ogni probabilità asiatica; sta lentamente colonizzando agrumeti e giardini annientando le coltivazioni che utilizzano l'arancio amaro come portinnesto. Un'invasione silenziosa, ottimo esempi…

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A Journey through the popular Cultivars in Italy

It is unquestionable that, in the kiwi sector, there is a greater interest, both on the commercial and on the production level,  in yellow and biconvex varieties.  This trend was confirmed again in March 2016, in Villafranca (VR), at the annual conference dedicated to Actinidia from the presentati…

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Water stress in the vineyard

The vine is a plant that is well suited to arid hot environments. Many vineyard areas are characterized by limited seasonal precipitation, in some cases there is availability to irrigate and resort to planned irrigation or rescue operations, in other cases the inability to resort or, following the a…

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Leaf removal of the vine: mechanical techniques

The leaf removal of the vine consists of the removal of the leaves that cover the grape bunches, in order to improve the ventilation and exposition to the sun. The leaf removal of the cluster zone is a particularly effective technique for containing the growth of rot; manual work is more accurate a…

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Effects of leaf removal on grape quality

Since 2007 in Friuli, as well as in some central Italian regions and other international areas, experimentation has been started to verify the effect of different leaf removal modes on health and on the qualitative characteristics of grapes. If leaf removal is applied before flowering, in addition t…

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First experimental tests on water management in vineyard in Friuli: Pignolo and Sauvignon

Ersa, together with the University of Udine, already carried out tests in 2006 at the Tenuta Villanova Farm in Villanova di Farra d'Isonzo (GO) on the vineyards of Pignolo (Friulian autochthonous grape variety) and Sauvignon, both bred Guyot with distances of 0.70 mx 2.41 and 1 mx 2.40 to determine …

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The Agri-Food Park of San Daniele

The San Daniele district is presented as the “Il Parco agroalimentare di San Daniele“  (San Daniele Agri-Food Park),  where the entire territory has a strategic role in environmental and industrial development policies, and its specificity is enhanced by a brand, San Daniele ham, from the ine…

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The Italian Network for Long Term Ecological Research

La Rete Italiana per la Ricerca Ecologica di Lungo Termine (LTER-Italia) è una rete di siti terrestri, d’acqua dolce, di acque di transizione e marine, sui quali si conducono ricerche ecologiche su scala pluridecennale. Vi appartengono 25 siti (al 2015), distribuiti su tutto il territorio n…

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Observer and the point of reference for the Scientific Committee

Area Science Park, represented by Stephen John Taylor, Director of Technology Transfer Service of the Consortium for the Scientific and Technological Research Area of ​​Trieste, participates in the monitoring and promotion phase of the project, with the support of the promotional activities of…

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Member of the Committee

Giovanni Carrada, biologist, writer and publicist specialised in scientific dissemination, author and publisher of several books and some theatre plays. As a television author, he collaborates since 1994 with the TV show Superquark (RAI 1 – Italian national television).He was RAI EXPO scientific d…

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Chairman of the Committee

Michele Morgante, Professor of Genetics at the University of Udine and Scientific Director of the Institute for Applied Genomics (IGA), currently President of the Italian Society of Agricultural Genetics, President of the Innova FVG Consortium and a member of the Board of Directors of Area Science P…

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Evaluation of resistance, agronomic and oenological evaluation

The evaluation mainly concerned resistance to downy mildew and, secondly, resistance to grey mildew. Two genes for dendritic downy mildew resistance and two genes for grey mildew resistance were worked out. In the early years, the selection of downy mildew resistant varieties was based on field obse…

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The genetic improvement of grapevine in Europe

To be honest, crossing programs and selection of the grapevine varieties for disease resistance began in Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century following the introduction of the New World by three pathogens - phylloxera, vine downy mildew and powdery mildew - which had devastated v…

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The Plant Genetic Resources Database (PGR)

The Research Center for Fruit Growing in Rome (CRA-FRU) has published the database of the Genetic Plant Resources (GPR) stored at 29 CRA structures as well as the Universities of Perugia and Potenza and the "Nazareno Strampelli" Institute in Vicenza. The database is the result of the GPR / FAO proje…

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FishTourFVG, a new app developed by the Coastal Action Group Friuli Venezia Giulia

FishTourFVG, sviluppata dal Gruppo di Azione Costiera Friuli Venezia Giulia, di cui Aries è capofila, con il coordinamento scientifico della Riserva marina del WWF di Miramare, fornisce ai visitatori informazioni dettagliate sui luoghi più suggestivi delle coste del Friuli Venezia Giulia attravers…

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Terramare: the tale of change for soil, see and lagoon

Il primo dei Cammini LTER 2016, “Terramare –Il racconto del cambiamento tra terra, mare e laguna”, partirà il 21 giugno dal Golfo di Trieste per arrivare il 28 giugno nella Laguna di Venezia. Il cammino unisce questi due siti della Rete LTER-Italia attraversando habitat marini, lagunari e ter…

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