Tag autochthonous variety

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Viticulture production and the varieties of Montenegro

The viticulture in Montenegro is mostly based on the breeding of autochthonous grapevine varieties such as Vranac, Kratošija, Krstač and Žižak. Vranac is the main autochthonous grapevine variety in Montenegro. The most famous vineyard area in Montenegro is Crmnica, which is considered the homela…

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Serbian varieties: Tamjanika, Slankamenka (Plovdina), Kreaca, Ruzica, Sremska Zelenika, Muscat Krokan, Smederevka, Prokupac, Začinak, Ćilibarka

Different samples collected from the same putative grapevine variety in the collections or in old vineyards showed identical molecular genotypes except for Tamjanika Bela accessions, which showed two diverse DNA profiles. One identical genotype was found between varieties of Tamjanika (Bela and Crve…

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Genetic identification for Grapevine Diversity Exploration Project

The first application of the SSR markers to the Serbian grapevine germplasm, in order to provide reference descriptors for the identification and evaluation of genetic relationships of local cultivars, was carried out in the framework of project, financed by the Ministry of Education and  Science o…

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The history of viticulture in Serbia

Serbia is located in the central Balkans, at the crossroads between Asia and Europe, on the line dividing various nations and civilisations of the East and the West. Due to its favourable climate and geological characteristics, the area of the Balkans is an ancient wine-growing region and both Serbi…

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Chemical composition and sensorial properties of Vranac wine in the Skadar lake area

Owing to its geographical position and favourable climate, grape growing and winemaking have always been developed in Montenegro and have traditionally been based on Vranac and Kratošija, two autochthone wines.  Kratošija variety had dominated until the emergence of phylloxera; however, its role …

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Effect of fermentation temperature on polyphenolic composition and sensory properties of red Vranac wines1

Vranac grapes are exceptionally rich in colouring matter contained mostly in the skin, flesh and juice of the berry. Until 2005, no detailed research has been conducted to examine the technological factors that affect the polyphenolic potential of this variety.  A study on the effect of three diffe…

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The influence of climatic factors on the level and quality of Yield of Vranac variety

The grape vine is a perennial plant, which during its growth and development has special requirements according to agri-ecological conditions in the cultivation area. The favourable conditions of the soil and climate are the most important factors for successful growth and development, which lead to…

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Vranac: presentation

Vranac is an ancient variety of grape indigenous to the Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. Vranac is considered the most important variety of grape in Montenegro. The grape produces a dry red wine of a unique taste and character. The cultivar has medium-large, cylindrical and spotted clusters with …

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